The HSBC Building

  The building on the left is The HSBC Building, No.12 on the Bund, a five storey building designed by Palmer & Turner and completed in 1923. The HSBC Building has been called "the most luxurious building from the Suez Canal to the Bering Strait". The building exterior adopted a strict neoclassical design, with a tripartite vertical and horizontal division. In the centre is a dome, in imitation of Greek temples. Below that are six Corinthian columns penetrating from the second to the fourth storey. The main structure has a steel lattice with brick filling, and a granite exterior. The HSBC Building was the headquarters of the Shanghai branch of The Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation from 1923 to 1955, and it was used as the Shanghai Municipal Government Building from 1955 to 1995. Currently this building is occupied by the Shanghai Pudong Development Bank.

The building on the right is the Shanghai Customs Building, No.13 on the Bund, an eight storey building designed by Palmer & Turner and completed in 1927. The architecture adopted a neoclassical Greek design. The exterior of the tower was granite-faced and the lower part of the building was built by rough granite. The most famous feature of the Customs House is the clock tower and the clock. The clock tower offers sightseeing over the entire Bund. It has four faces, the diameter of each face is 5.3 metres, with 72 automatic lamps. The clock and bell mechanisms were built according to the design of Big Ben at the Palace of Westminster. The bells were cast by John Taylor Bellfounders and the clock mechanism was built by JB Joyce & Co in England. It remains to be the largest clock in Asia. The loud and clear clock bell can be heard miles away. During the Cultural Revolution, the clock music was changed to The East is Red. The traditional tune (the Westminster Quarters) was restored in the 1980s. However, the music was changed once again to The East is Red in 2003.

The HSBC Bank Building and the Customs House Building are two sister buildings designed by British architect Wilson, they are really rare works of art added to the Bund.

Public Transportation: Metro Line 2, 10; Bus No.: 20, 22, 37, 55, 65, 42, 126, 123, 135, 145, 251, 401, 910, 928

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